Fernspray Gold Hinoki Cypress Shrub
Chamaecyparis obtusa Fernspray Gold
Very dense and well-branched, this Hinoki Falsecypress really stands out in winter against the dark green leaves of other evergreens. Its yellow tones look fresh in spring as well, and keep their color all summer -- no greening out here! Very compact and slow-growing, 'Fernspray Gold' reaches just 3 feet tall in 5 years, though it eventually may top out at 10 feet tall and 7 feet wide.
Perfect for formal containers framing an entryway, marching down a path, or brightening the patio, 'Fernspray Gold' also does well in the garden, preferring moist soil with good drainage and slight acidity, but tolerating other conditions as well. For healthiest growth, plant it in full sun and mulch well around the base to keep the roots evenly cool. If planting a row of these shrubs, space them 5 feet apart. Zones 4-8.
|Item Form||Trade Gallon (3qt)|
|Zone||4 - 8|
|Plant Height||10 ft|
|Plant Width||5 ft - 7 ft|
|Additional Characteristics||Evergreen, Flower, Grafted|
|Light Requirements||Full Sun, Part Shade|
|Soil Tolerance||Normal, loamy|
|Uses||Border, Containers, Ornamental|
|Restrictions||Canada, Guam, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands|
Even if your garden space is limited, find a place in the shade for Ferns. They ask for very little care, and repay you with ease of growth and breathtaking beauty. Most are easily divided after two or three years in your garden, increasing your garden beauty without costing you a dime. Best of all, they add texture like no other perennial — graceful and airy, despite their hardiness and willingness to grow.
In this article, I describe the very best Ferns for your garden this spring. And if you're looking for a particular variety to plant in mass or to dot among your shade landscape, I've got some fine recommendations. Remember, all of these Hardy Ferns are guaranteed to succeed in your garden, and if you divide them regularly, they'll "live forever"! Enjoy the ease and beauty of Hardy Ferns in every shady spot.
Among the most popular and widely-grown in American gardens, Hardy Ferns have come by their reputation honestly. An easier, more dependable, and lovelier Fern would be hard to imagine. The native North American species (A. felix-femina) is an absolute must for beginning gardeners, nearly growing itself. And the Asian species (A. nipponicum) contains the magnificent Painted Fern family, with some of the most beautiful frond colors in the world. The two species complement each other nicely, thriving in very moist to wet soil (waterside plantings are stunning!) and normal to alkaline soil.
Caring For Your Hardy FernsIn the wild, Ferns thrive in the dappled shade of the woodland, finding their feet in rotted leaves and other rich soil ingredients. Very few (Brilliant Fern is one exception) can tolerate dry soils, and all prefer a good pampering their first two years — lots of water and humus!
Work the soil well and deep before you plant your Fern, raising the bed at least 3 inches above the soil level. If you have heavy soil, lighten it with rotted leaves or coarse bark.
Ferns need both moisture and excellent drainage, which can be a balancing act — a good, rich mulch works wonders. If rot is a problem, make the mulch gravel or other coarse, well-draining material.
Plant your Fern very shallowly, with the crown flush with the surrounding soil.
Keep garden debris away from the base of your Ferns if you can. Rot can be a problem when the crown of the fern sits in stagnant water — though some, such as the Tatting Fern, will happily rest in an inch or so of water on the bank of a stream or pond. If you see signs of Rot, apply a fungicide and chances are your Fern will shake it off!
If possible, water the roots and not the fronds.
If your Fern is evergreen, you might want to thin the old fronds in spring as the new ones appear. At the same time, apply a new layer of mulch for the new growing year.
Every 2 or 3 years, you can dig up and divide your Fern into several new plants to share with admiring friends or to increase your own garden's beauty!
Space plants according to the ultimate size of species you’ve chosen. Most hardy ferns prefer a shady or partly shaded location, with soil that is light yet highly organic. Take care not to plant crowns too deep – set them at or just below soil level. Mulch at planting time, and make sure plants have ample water during the spring and early summer, particularly during the first few years, when plants are establishing themselves.
We recommend that no fertilizer be used on hardy ferns; mulching will provide enough organic matter. It’s best not to disturb the duff (the layer of decaying vegetation that covers the soil around the plant). Overhead spraying from time to time is beneficial. Divide as necessary by separating the rhizomes – this should be done before new growth begins in the spring or, preferably, as plants go dormant in the fall.
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