Rose Pruning Tips
Whether you’re deadheading, removing dead wood, or performing an annual pruning, make sure your cuts are no more than ¼ inch (5 mm) above a bud, and slope the cut away from the bud, to prevent water from collecting on it.Your cuts should always be clean, so keep your pruning shears sharp, and use pruning tools that are appropriately sized to whatever size stems you are cutting. To encourage an open-centered form, cut to an outward-facing bud. To encourage upright growth on roses with a spreading habit, prune a few of the stems to inward-facing buds. Prune any dieback to the healthy, white pith. Remove dead or diseased stems, as well as any that cross or are spindly. Your goal should be to have well-spaced stems that allow for a free flow of air. If pruning an established plant, remove any old wood that is flowering poorly, and use a saw to get rid of old stubs that are no longer producing new shoots. Other than climbing roses, you should prune newly planted roses hard, which encourages vigorous shoot production. When removing suckers, trace them back to the roots from which they are growing, and simply take them off.