Apple (Malus)

Apple (Malus)


Set standard varieties 20-25 feet apart. Dwarf and semi-dwarf types can be spaced 10 to 15 feet apart in the orchard. Apples perform best in full sun in an acidic, well-drained loamy soil that contains plenty of organic matter.

Dig a hole large enough to accommodate spread out roots and set the plant with the topmost roots one to two inches below the soil, firm down the soil and water thoroughly.


Water regularly during hot, dry periods. Have a soil test made through the local Extension Service to determine what type of fertilizer may be needed and for recommendations for a spray program to control insects and diseases if needed.

For standard trees, thin fruit in midsummer along the branches so they are 6 to 7 inches apart. Harvest the fruit in the fall when it separates easily from the branch with a simple twist; avoid jerking the fruit which can damage the fruit spur and reduce fruit production in future years.


Zones 4 to 8