Rich in Fiber, Potassium, and Manganese, Figs are One of the Superheroes of Fruits.
Figs have been a part of human diet for thousands of years, and are loved for their sweet taste, unique texture, and nutritional benefits. But have you ever wondered if figs are a fruit or something else? And can you grow them in your garden or even inside your house? Let’s explore the fascinating fig and how you can grow them yourself.
Are Figs a Fruit?
Yes, figs are indeed a fruit. More specifically, they are a unique type of fruit called a syconium. A syconium is a fleshy, hollow receptacle that contains hundreds of tiny flowers on the inside. The fig fruit is actually the mature syconium containing the flowers and seeds.
How Can I Grow Them?
Figs are relatively easy to grow, and they can be grown in a variety of climates. Here are some helpful tips to help you get started:
- Choose the Right Variety: There are many different varieties of figs, and some are better suited for certain climates than others. Common fig varieties include 'Black Mission', 'Brown Turkey', and 'Celeste'.
- Planting: Plant fig trees in well-draining soil and in a spot that receives at least 6-8 hours of sunlight each day. Make sure to space the trees about 10-20 feet apart.
- Watering: Figs need regular watering, especially during dry spells. However, be careful not to over-water as this can lead to root rot.
- Pruning: Pruning is important to maintain the shape of the tree and to encourage healthy growth. Prune the tree in winter when it is dormant.
In What Zones Do Figs Grow?
Figs can be grown outdoors in USDA hardiness zones 6-11 depending on the variety. Some varieties are more cold-hardy than others.
Can You Grow Them Inside?
Yes, figs can be grown indoors in containers. This is a great option for those living in colder climates. Here are some recommendations for growing figs indoors:
- Choose a Dwarf Variety: Dwarf or semi-dwarf varieties are best suited for container growing.
- Use a Large Container: A container that is at least 18-24 inches in diameter is recommended.
- Provide Adequate Light: Place the container near a sunny window or under grow lights.
- Regular Watering: Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged.
4 Reasons to Grow Figs
- Delicious Fruit: Fresh figs are incredibly delicious and can be eaten fresh, dried, or used in cooking.
- Nutritional Benefits: Figs are rich in vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. They are a good source of fiber, vitamin B6, copper, potassium, and manganese.
- Ornamental Value: Fig trees have attractive foliage and can add beauty to your garden or landscape.
- Easy to Grow: Figs are relatively easy to grow and care for, making them a great choice for both beginner and experienced gardeners.
Figs are a highly nutritious fruit with numerous health benefits.
- High in Fiber: Figs are a good source of dietary fiber, which is important for digestive health.
- Rich in Antioxidants: Figs contain high levels of antioxidants, which help to combat oxidative stress and inflammation in the body.
- Good for Heart Health: The potassium in figs can help to regulate blood pressure and support heart health.
- Aid in Weight Management: The fiber in figs can help to promote a feeling of fullness and aid in weight management.
- Support Bone Health: Figs are a good source of calcium and phosphorus, which are important for bone health.
Little Known Fig Facts
Ancient Delicacy: Figs are one of the oldest cultivated fruits, with evidence suggesting they were cultivated as far back as 11,000 years ago in the Jordan Valley. They are mentioned numerous times in ancient texts, including the Bible and the Quran.
Fig Newtons: The popular fig-filled cookie, the Fig Newton, is named after the town of Newton, Massachusetts, not the scientist Sir Isaac Newton. The cookie was created in the late 19th century and was one of the first commercially available products to be sold as a health food.
Variety and Colors: There are hundreds of fig varieties, ranging in color from green to yellow, purple, and black. Each variety has its own unique taste and texture. A popular variety for Zones 6-10 is ficus ‘Brown Turkey’.
Figs are a delicious and nutritious fruit that can be a great addition to your indoor or outdoor garden, depending on your hardness zone.